About Afghanistan

The profile of Afghanistan is a brief description of the country. The scope of this profile is limited to investment centric data of the country.


Islamic Republic of Afghanistan


Afghanistan is a 652,864 sq. km. (249,935 sq. mi.) landlocked country situated at the hub of South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 28.6 million people (2016). To the south and east, Afghanistan shares a border with Pakistan; to the west, it shares a border with Iran, and its northern border touches the Central Asian countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. In the far northeast, it shares a border with China.


Afghanistan achieved independence and freed itself from British control over its foreign affairs in 1919, following the Third Anglo-Afghan War. The Treaty of Rawalpindi granted Afghanistan sovereignty, which was declared on August 19, 1919 by King Amanullah Khan.


Afghanistan’s National Unity Government, elected in 2014, is led by President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah.


Afghanistan is an Islamic country. An estimated 80 percent of the population is Sunni and 20 percent are predominantly Shi’a.


Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan with a population of about 4.5 million.


Afghanistan has been a land of diverse peoples for centuries. The country’s constitution officially recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Tajik, Pashtun, Hazara, Uzbek, Baluch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai. Dari and Pashto are Afghanistan’s official languages. Afghanistan’s Constitution stipulates that all other languages are “official” in the areas in which they are spoken by a majority of the population.


Afghanistan’s geography features soaring mountain ranges and steep plateaus, as well as deserts, rivers, lakes, verdant plains and forests. It has a relatively dry climate with four distinct seasons; summers are hot and sunny, during the spring, flowers bloom in profusion across the country; autumns are mild; and winters are cold and bring snow to most areas.

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Afghanistan has an abundance of natural resources, among them: natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromate, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones like emeralds, rubies, and lapis lazuli.